Sacraments

Through the sacraments we profess and live out the faith that comes from the apostles.

‘Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.
‘Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.
‘Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world, grant us peace.’
Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit introduces children to the idea of God’s presence at all times in their lives. It allows them to become more familiar with special occasions in their own lives, the lives of others and the life of the Church. With plenty of discussion it will prepare pupils for future years work on sacraments. Pupils will have the opportunity to use the words associated with sacraments and explore the meanings, appropriate to their age.

.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Stories about Jesus.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Early learning goals on growing and changing.
  • Painting, drawing.
  • Role-play.
Vocabulary
  • Sacrament  (names of each of the sacraments being covered by the pupils)
Explanation of the Theology

Through the sacraments divine life is bestowed upon us. There are seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony.

 

Cf paragraph 224 Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church.

God is present at each stage of our life.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit builds on the work done in reception class and in particular starts to focus on forgiveness and healing. It establishes the relationship of the actions of healing and forgiveness with Jesus. By exploring the healing and forgiveness of Jesus, pupils should begin to explore their importance in their own lives and the life of the Church.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Knowledge of the special stages in their own lives.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Creating freeze-frames.
  • Thinking skills, including fortune lines, bridge maps.
  • Role-play.
  • Knowledge of different ways of spreading a message.
Vocabulary
  • Healing
  • Forgiveness
  • Sinful
  • Signs and symbols
  • Stole
Explanation of the Theology

The Church has the mission and power to forgive sins because Christ himself has conferred it on her: “Receive the Holy Spirit; if you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained” (John 20:22-23)

Christ instituted the two sacraments of healing (Penance and Anointing of the Sick) to continue his work of healing and salvation.

Cf paragraphs 201 and 295  Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church.

Jesus gave us the sacraments of forgiveness and healing.


Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

The purpose this unit is to enable the children to develop their understanding of what a sacrament is. This understanding is developed through exploration of what happens during the Sacraments of Baptism, Matrimony and the Eucharist.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Understanding of the stages of life and the relationship between the sacraments and Jesus.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Email.Creating banners.
  • Thinking skills – continuum lines, bubble maps, mind maps.
Vocabulary
  • Baptism
  • Rosary
  • Litany
  • Ramadan
Explanation of the Theology

The sacraments, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, are signs of grace. Through them divine life is bestowed upon us. Christ has entrusted the sacraments to his Church. They are the sacraments ‘of the Church’ in a twofold sense: they are ‘from her’, insofar as they are actions of the Church, which is the sacrament of Christ’s action and they are ‘for her’, in so much as they build up the Church.

Cf paragraphs 224 and 226 Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church.

Christ gave the sacraments to the Church and they are effective signs of grace.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit helps deepen pupils’ knowledge and understanding of the Sacrament of the Eucharist. It expresses both what happens during Mass and the meaning behind what happens. It should be used to support those pupils about to receive Holy Communion for the first time.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Knowledge of the word ‘sacrament’.
  • Know that a sacrament is an effective sign of grace.
  • Know some of what happens at Mass.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Thinking skills – timelines, concept maps.
  • Acrostic poems.
  • Writing recipes.
  • Estate agent’s specification.
Vocabulary
  • Liturgy of the Word
  • Introductory Rite
  • Liturgy of the Eucharist
Explanation of the Theology

The Eucharist is the very sacrifice of the body and blood of the Lord Jesus. He entrusted this memorial of his death and resurrection to the Church.

Cf paragraph 271 Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church.

Jesus instituted the Eucharist so we could share in his life, death and resurrection.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit helps pupils to explore the nature of vocation and its symbolism in preparation for work on the sacraments of vocation in year 5. This is done through Old Testament stories which show how God calls people in faith and the symbolism of anointing.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Know that God calls people in faith.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Advertisement.
  • Curriculum vitae.
  • Thinking skills, including continuum lines.
  • Charcoal drawing.
Vocabulary
  • Vocation
  • Anointing
  • Religious life
  • Monks
  • Religious sisters – nuns
  • Holy
Explanation of the Theology

Two sacraments, Holy Orders and Matrimony, confer a special grace for a particular mission in the Church, to serve and build up the people of God. These sacraments contribute in a special way to ecclesial communion and to the salvation of others.

Cf paragraph 321  Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church.

We are called by God to be holy and serve Him and build His Church.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit explores in greater depth the Sacraments of Holy Orders and Matrimony. Pupils should gain an understanding of the symbolism associated with the two sacraments.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Knowledge of seven sacraments and symbolism associated with them
  • Understanding of vocation and anointing.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • ICT skills – Microsoft Publisher.
  • Writing play scripts.
  • Devising adverts.
  • Internet research.
  • Thinking skills, including similar/different diagrams, affinity diagrams, concept maps, bubble diagrams, Gantt diagrams
Vocabulary
  • Holy Orders
  • Matrimony
  • Deacon
  • Ordination
  • Wedding vows
  • Communion
  • Mission
Explanation of the Theology

Two sacraments, Holy Orders and Matrimony, confer a special grace for a particular mission in the Church. Through Holy Orders and by a special gift of the Holy Spirit, the ordained can exercise a sacred power in the name and with the authority of Jesus Christ, for the service of the People of God. The marital union of man and woman, which is founded and endowed with its own proper laws by the Creator, is by its very nature ordered to the communion and good of the couple and to the generation and education of the children.

Cf paragraphs 321, 322 (and following) & 338 Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church.

The Sacraments of Holy Orders and Matrimony are at the service of communion and mission.
Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit builds on all the work undertaken on sacraments in previous years and should enable pupils to explore sacraments at a deeper level. In particular, pupils should understand their own role in the Church as a result.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Language and symbolism associated with sacraments.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Writing job descriptions.
  • Cover blurbs.
  • Thinking skills, including similar/different diagrams.
  • Biography.
  • ICT: Powerpoint or web-page creation.
Vocabulary
  • Oil of Chrism
  • Confirmation
  • Communion
  • Sacraments
Explanation of the Theology

The sacraments not only presuppose faith, but with words and ritual elements they nourish, strengthen and express it. By celebrating the sacraments, the Church professes the faith that comes from the apostles.

 

Cf paragraph 228 (and following) Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church.

Through the sacraments we profess and live out the faith that comes from the apostles.