Prayers, Saints and Feasts

By learning from the teachings of Jesus, following the examples of his saints, practising the Sacraments and by praying, we should experience forgiveness and forgive others.

“Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham.10 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.” Lk 19:1-10
Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit is designed to explore family relationships within the context of showing love for one another. Children will hear how Jesus cared for us and how
he gave us signs to demonstrate that care and love. We also look at the role of the family in helping us pray through the example of Jesus and his family.

The multi-faith element identifies Islam as a religion.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Saying prayers.
  • Knowing the names of Jesus’ family
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Prayer sacks.
  • Painting.
  • Role-play.
Vocabulary
  • Hail Mary
  • Our Father
  • Wedding Feast of Cana
  • Islam
  • Muslims
  • Nazareth
Explanation of the Theology

The Christian family is the first place of education in prayer. It is the first witness to the life of prayer in the Church.

Jesus loved his family and he loved God the Father. He showed this love by caring for us.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit is designed to develop children’s understanding of prayer. It will introduce them to different kinds of prayer including the psalms. Children will be able to develop an understanding of why the Church has saints. They will begin to appreciate that saints provide an example of faith and allow us to use this example to further our relationship with God. Pupils will begin to understand that we follow a liturgical cycle, which helps us explore different aspects of our faith. This unit also allows us to appreciate other faiths, such as Islam and know that prayer is part of their routine

Prior Learning in RE
  • Different types of prayer.
  • Know that we give praise when we pray.
  • Understand the term ‘liturgical calendar’.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Writing invitations, simple adverts and simple letters.
  • Painting.
  • Drawing patterns, posters.
  • Role-play.
  • Know simple timetables.
Vocabulary
  • Liturgical calendar
  • Saints
  • Symbols
  • Prayer
  • Muslim
  • Islam
  • Mary Liturgical calendar
  • Saints
  • Symbols
  • Prayer
  • Muslim
  • Islam
  • Mary
Explanation of the Theology

The centre of the liturgical season is the Sunday Eucharist, which is the foundation and kernel of the entire liturgical year and has its culmination in the annual celebration of Easter, the feast of feasts. In the liturgical year, the Church celebrates the whole mystery of Christ (all aspects) from his Birth to his return in glory. On set days, the Church praises Mary the Mother of God. The Church also keeps the memorials of the saints, who lived for Christ, who suffered with him and live with him in glory. Psalms are the summit of prayer in the Old Testament; the Word of God becomes the prayer of humanity. Christ prayed  the psalms and brought them to fulfilment.

Cf Paragraph 241 Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church.

Prayer is the way we can speak to God and there are many special prayers that help us praise and speak to God.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit is designed to deepen pupils’ knowledge and understanding of the season of Advent. It looks at getting ready for the Birth of Jesus by helping us remember that God promised to send us His Son and that Jesus is the fulfilment of that promise. It introduces the idea of what a prophet does and what angels do. It helps us understand that people such as John the Baptist help us understand the nature of this promise and provide example and inspiration of how we should respond to it. Further reinforcement is provided on the symbolism of Advent. It also develops the idea that we get ready as a parish community, as the family of God.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Know what a liturgical calendar is.
  • Know the role of Mary in the Church.
  • Understand that all of us are called to follow Jesus.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Email.
  • Write a simple recipe.
  • Create simple ICT databases.
  • Write a diary.
  • Design a CD cover.
  • Thinking skills, including concept maps, timelines.
Vocabulary
  • Baptism
  • Rosary
  • Litany
  • Ramadan
Explanation of the Theology

Mary is a model of faith and charity for all of us. She is an important influence, an influence she gets from the merits of Christ. The veneration to her is given through prayer and special feasts including the Rosary, which is a compendium of the whole Gospel.

Cf Paragraph 197 Compendium: Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Rosary enables us to look at the life of Jesus Christ through the eyes of Mary. The communion of saints is united with Jesus Christ and provide an example in faith of following him. 

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit explores the twin themes of peace and forgiveness expressed both by Jesus and in the Sacrament of Reconciliation. The children will develop their knowledge of the Sacrament of Reconciliation as well as an understanding of what Jesus taught about forgiveness in the story of Zacchaeus. This builds on work undertaken in year 1. Through the life of St Francis of Assisi, the place of prayer in seeking forgiveness and peace is also explored. In the multi-faith teaching the pupils will look at the role of Muhammed as the last prophet.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Pupils should know that Jesus was a Jew who was brought up in the Jewish faith.
  • Knowledge of the names of the first five books of the Old Testament will be helpful.
  • Knowledge of the Rosary.
  • The children should know the words of the Our Father.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Write a canticle.
  • Know what a calligram is.
  • Writing profiles.
  • Thinking skills, including flow charts, priorities grids.
  • Instructional texts.
Vocabulary
  • Canticle
  • Sacrament of Reconciliation
  • Rite of Baptism
  • Saints
  • Penitential Rite
  • Values of truth and justice etc
  • St Francis of Assisi
  • Prophet
  • Muhammed
Explanation of the Theology

The Sacrament of Reconciliation is also known as confession, forgiveness, conversion and penance. It is one of two Sacraments of healing (anointing of the sick and reconciliation). Christ willed that his Church should continue his work of healing and salvation by means of these two Sacraments. There are two essential elements to the sacrament of reconciliation: The penitent comes to repentance through the Holy Spirit and the absolution of the priest, who, in the name of Christ, grants forgiveness and determines the way of making good the relationship with God (penance).

By learning from the teachings of Jesus, following the examples of his saints, practising the Sacraments and by praying, we should experience forgiveness and forgive others.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

In this unit pupils will learn about the prayer life of Jesus as he grew up in the Jewish faith. The children will be introduced to some prayers of the Old Testament and reflect on the importance that Jesus attached to prayer and how he taught his followers to pray. Pupils will also reflect on the importance of prayers to Mary in the life of the Church and research the history of the Rosary. Pupils will also learn through the Islamic faith the importance of prayers in other religions.

Prior Learning in RE
  • Pupils should know that Jesus was a Jew who was brought up in the Jewish faith.
  • Knowledge of the names of the first five books of the Old Testament will be helpful.
  • Knowledge of the Rosary.
  • The children should know the words of the Our Father.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Fishbone diagram.
  • Guided meditation.
  • Drawing diagrams.
  • Character portraits.
  • Newspaper reports.
  • ICT skills.
Vocabulary
  • Rosary
  • Sheema (Prayer of Israel)
  • Synagogue
  • Meditations
  • Liturgy of the Word
  • Our Father (all the words in the prayer)
  • Deuteronomy
Explanation of the Theology

Jesus, with his human heart, learned how to pray from his mother and from the Jewish tradition. His prayer also had a more sacred source because he is the eternal Son of God, who in holy humility, offers the perfect prayer to the Father. All of the life of Jesus is a prayer because he is in constant communion of love with the Father.

Prayer was central to the life of Jesus. Through prayer and listening to Jesus we will experience his presence.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit will help children understand that the work of Jesus is continued through us. This is expressed in the prayer of St Teresa of Avila. We are called to continue his healing through our own sacrifice. The concept of pilgrimage as a journey of prayer will also be covered. In the multi-faith element of the unit the importance of the pilgrimage to Muslims will be covered. The second of the two Sacraments of Healing will be studied, whilst focusing on the part prayer plays in healing. (The first Sacrament is Reconciliation.) The children will also hear about the work of the Church in ministering to the sick today.

The multi-faith element examines the significance of Mecca as a place of pilgrimage for Muslims.

Prior Learning in RE
  • It would be helpful for the children to have some knowledge of the miracles of Jesus.
  • Prayers of the sick.
  • Know that the Anointing of the Sick is one of the seven sacraments
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • ICT skills – Microsoft Publisher.
  • Writing play scripts.
  • Devising adverts.
  • Internet research.
  • Thinking skills, including similar/different diagrams, affinity diagrams, concept maps, bubble diagrams, Gantt diagrams
Vocabulary
  • St Teresa of Avila
  • Pilgrimage
  • Sacrament of Anointing
  • Oil
  • Sacrifice
  • Minister of Communion
Explanation of the Theology

The saints are our models of prayer. We also ask them to intercede before the Holy Trinity for us and for the whole world. Their intercession is their most exalted service to God’s plan. In the communion of saints, throughout the history of the Church, different types of spirituality have developed that teach us how to live and practice the way of prayer.

The compassion of Jesus towards the sick and his many healings of the infirm were a clear sign that with him had come the Kingdom of God and therefore victory over sin, over suffering and over death.

Rationale: aims and purpose of the unit

This unit explores the concept of heaven and the Church’s belief in Mary and the feasts celebrated in her honour. It examines our understanding of what heaven is. The children will take a more detailed look at the lives of the Holy Souls and the saints and their significance for us today. In the multi-faith element, the importance of the prophet to the Islamic faith is also covered

Prior Learning in RE
  • Knowledge of feast days including feasts in honour of Mary.
  • Knowledge of heaven and that saints share in the life of heaven.
  • Some prayers to Mary.
Other Skills and Knowledge Required
  • Thinking skills, including priorities grid, SWOT analysis, similar/different diagrams, Venn diagrams, affinity diagrams.
  • Estate agents’ specifications.
  • Job descriptions.
  • Character profiles.
Vocabulary
  • Revelation
  • Assumption
  • Annunciation
  • Immaculate Conception
  • Holy Souls
  • Eternal life
  • Heaven
Explanation of the Theology

By ‘heaven’ we mean the state of supreme and definitive happiness. Those who die in the grace of God and have no need of further purification are gathered around Jesus and Mary, the angels and the saints. They thus form the Church of Heaven where they see God ‘face to face’. (1 Corinthians 13:12) They live in a communion of love with the most Blessed Trinity and they intercede for us.

Mary and all the saints share in the life of Jesus in heaven.